Aluminium Nitride (AlN) – CeramAlum™

Aluminium Nitride (AlN) is an excellent material to use if high thermal conductivity and electrical insulation properties are required; making it an ideal material for use in thermal management and electrical applications. Additionally, AlN is a common alternative to Beryllium Oxide (BeO) in the semiconductor industry as it is not a health hazard when machined. Aluminium Nitride has a coefficient of thermal expansion and electrical insulation properties that closely matches that of Silicon wafer material, making it an useful material for electronics applications where high temperatures and heat dissipation is often a problem.

Material Advantages

  • Over five times the thermal conductance of Alumina
  • Enables high performing devices to function faster and better in smaller devices
  • No toxic issues of beryllia
  • Good plasma resistance
  • Excellent thermal shock performance

Applications

Precision Ceramics can supply components in prototype to production quantities with pressed, iso pressed, machined and ground parts.
  • High power insulators
  • Laser components
  • Water cooled heatsinks
  • Power electronics
  • Heat sinks
  • Heat spreaders
  • Laser heatsinks power rectifiers
  • Aerospace, power electronics, rectifiers supplied to ISO9001/2015

Material Grades

Precision Ceramics has five variations of Aluminium Nitride which are PCAN1000 to 4000 and the 1000S Substtate. The differing methods used to produce these materials resulted in slightly different properties and characteristics. We evaluate the similarities, differences and properties of each material and it’s applications in this section.

PCAN1000

PCAN1000 is our standard high purity aluminium nitride with a thermal conductivity of 170 W/ (m.K). This is the same thermal performance as our substrate material but offers the possibility of larger pieces in length and width and in thicknesses up to 30mm.

PCAN1000 has good coefficient of thermal expansion – matched to silicon and gallium nitride over wide temperature ranges.

Applications

  • High power insulators
  • Laser components
  • Water cooled heatsinks
  • Power electronics
  • Aerospace, medical and semiconductor components supplied to ISO9001/2015

Download Datasheet

PCAN2000

PCAN2000 is one of our enhanced grades of aluminium nitride offering all the mechanical performance of PCAN1000 with the enhanced benefits of 200 W/(m.K) thermal conductance.

Applications

  • Heat sinks
  • Heat spreaders
  • Laser heatsinks power rectifiers
  • Aerospace, power electronics, rectifiers supplied to ISO9001/2015

Download Datasheet

PCAN3000

PCAN3000 is one of our enhanced grades of aluminium nitride offering all the mechanical performance of PCAN1000 with the enhanced benefits of 230 W/(m.K) thermal conductance.

Applications

  • Heat sinks
  • Heat spreaders
  • Laser heatsinks power rectifiers
  • Aerospace, power electronics, rectifiers supplied to ISO9001/2015

Download Datasheet

PCAN4000

PCAN4000 is one of our enhanced grades of aluminium nitride offering all the mechanical performance of PCAN1000 with the enhanced benefits of 200 W/(m.K) thermal conductance

Applications

  • Heat sinks
  • Heat spreaders
  • Laser heatsinks power rectifiers
  • Aerospace, power electronics, rectifiers supplied to ISO9001/2015

Download Datasheet

PCAN1000S Substrate

General Properties

PCAN1000S 170 W/(m.K) is our standard high thermal conductivity substrate material but other high-performance grades are available.

Applications

  • Heat sinks
  • Heat spreaders
  • Laser heatsinks power rectifiers
  • Aerospace, power electronics, rectifiers supplied to ISO9001/2015

Download Datasheet

Material Properties

Mechanical Properties

Density
Unit
g/cm3
PCAN1000
3.32
PCAN2000
3.32
PCAN3000
3.32
PCAN4000
3.30
PCAN1000S
3.30
Modulus of Elasticity
Unit
GPa
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
320
PCAN1000S
320
Fracture Toughness
Unit
Mpa x m1/2
PCAN1000
3
PCAN2000
3
PCAN3000
3
PCAN4000
2.5
PCAN1000S
3
Poissons Ratio
Unit
-
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
0.22
PCAN1000S
Compressive Strength
Unit
MPa
PCAN1000
3000
PCAN2000
3000
PCAN3000
3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S
Flexural Strength
Unit
MPa
PCAN1000
350
PCAN2000
350
PCAN3000
350
PCAN4000
350
PCAN1000S
350
Hardness (Vickers)
Unit
GPa
PCAN1000
10
PCAN2000
10
PCAN3000
0
PCAN4000
12
PCAN1000S
11

Thermal Properties

Thermal Conductivity
Unit
W/mK
PCAN1000
170
PCAN2000
200
PCAN3000
230
PCAN4000
200
PCAN1000S
170
Specific Heat
Unit
J/kg.K
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S
Thermal Shock Resistance ΔT
Unit
°C
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S
** CTE 25°C ➞ 100°C
Unit
10-6/°C
PCAN1000
4.5
PCAN2000
4.5
PCAN3000
4.5
PCAN4000
3.5
PCAN1000S
4.6
** CTE 25°C ➞ 300°C
Unit
10-6/°C
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S
** CTE 25°C ➞ 400°C
Unit
10-6/°C
PCAN1000
4.5
PCAN2000
4.5
PCAN3000
4.5
PCAN4000
3.5
PCAN1000S
** CTE 25°C ➞ 1000°C
Unit
10-6/°C
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S

AlN is susceptible to surface oxidization. When this happens, a layer of Aluminium Oxide forms. This does help to protect the material, however, it impacts the thermal conductivity (Alumina is ~30 W/m.K). In oxidizing atmospheres, this happens around 700°C. In inert atmospheres this layer protects the AlN up to ~1350°C. Bulk oxidation will occur at temperatures above this.

** Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) describes how the size of an object changes with a change in temperature.

Electrical Properties

Dielectric Constant
Unit
1 MHz
PCAN1000
8.8
PCAN2000
8.8
PCAN3000
8.8
PCAN4000
8.5
PCAN1000S
8.8
Dielectric Loss
Unit
1 MHz
PCAN1000
5x10-4
PCAN2000
5x10-4
PCAN3000
5x10-4
PCAN4000
5x10-4
PCAN1000S
Dielectric Voltage
Unit
kV/mm (RT)
PCAN1000
15
PCAN2000
15
PCAN3000
15
PCAN4000
70
PCAN1000S
14
Volume Resistivity @ 25°C
Unit
Ω cm
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S
Volume Resistivity @ 300°C
Unit
Ω cm
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S
Volume Resistivity @ 500°C
Unit
Ω cm
PCAN1000
PCAN2000
PCAN3000
PCAN4000
PCAN1000S

Disclaimer: The values presented are mean and typical of those resulted from test samples. They are provided as an indication only to serve as guidance in the design of ceramic components and are not guaranteed in any way. The actual values can vary according to the shape and size of the envisaged component.

Datasheets

Aluminum Nitride Material Brand PCAN1000

Aluminium Nitride

PCAN1000

Aluminum Nitride Material Brand PCAN2000

Aluminium Nitride

PCAN2000

Aluminum Nitride Material Brand PCAN3000

Aluminium Nitride

PCAN3000

Aluminum Nitride Material Brand PCAN3000

Aluminium Nitride

PCAN4000

Aluminum Nitride Material Brand PCAN1000S Substrate

Aluminium Nitride

PCAN1000S Substrate

Aluminium Nitride Machining

Precision Ceramics is your Aluminium Nitride machining specialist for your advanced ceramic prototyping & manufacturing needs; we are always happy to use our many years of advanced ceramics experience to provide advice on materials, design, and application. If you would like to buy Aluminium Nitride plates, rods, tubes or custom machined components, or need more information, please contact us and one of our experts will be happy to assist you.

Aluminium Nitride can be machined in green, biscuit, or fully dense states. While in the green or biscuit form it can be machined relatively easily into complex geometries. However, the sintering process that is required to fully densify the material causes the Aluminium Nitride body to shrink approximately 20%. This shrinkage means that it is impossible to hold very tight tolerances when machining AlN pre-sintering.

In order to achieve very tight tolerances, fully sintered material must be machined/ground with diamond tools. In this process a very precise diamond coated tool/wheel is used to abrade away the material until the desired form is created. Due to the inherent toughness and hardness of the material, this can be a time consuming and costly process. Shapal Hi-M Soft is often used as a substitute for pure AlN because it also offers high thermal conductivity, electrical insulation, and can be machined into complex geometries with tight tolerances.

AlN commonly comes in substrates up to 1 mm thick which can easily be laser cut. It can also come in thicker forms, however, it can be difficult/costly to manufacture in small quantities if the part requires custom material or significant machining. Shapal Hi-M Soft is often used as an alternative to pure aluminium nitride because it also offers high thermal conductivity and can be machined into complex geometries.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What is Aluminium Nitride?

    Aluminium Nitride (AlN) is an excellent material to use if high thermal conductivity and electrical insulation properties are required; making it an ideal material for use in thermal management and electrical applications. Additionally, Aluminium Nitride is common alternative to Beryllium Oxide (BeO) in the semiconductor industry as it is not a health hazard when machined. Aluminium Nitride has a coefficient of thermal expansion and electrical insulation properties that closely matches that of Silicon wafer material, making it an useful material for electronics applications where high temperatures and heat dissipation is often a problem.

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What is Aluminium Nitride used for?

    Aluminium Nitride (AlN) is an excellent material to use if high thermal conductivity and electrical insulation properties are required. Because of it’s qualities, it is an ideal material for use in thermal management and electrical applications. Some common applications of Aluminium Nitride include the following:

    • Heat sinks & heat spreaders
    • Electrical insulators for lasers
    • Chucks, clamp rings for semiconductor processing equipment
    • Electrical insulators
    • Silicon wafer handling and processing
    • Substrates & insulators for microelectronic devices & opto electronic devices
    • Substrates for electronic packages
    • Chip carriers for sensors and detectors
    • Chiplets
    • Collets
    • Laser heat management components
    • Molten metal fixtures
    • Packages for microwave devices
  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    Is Aluminium Nitride a ceramic?

    Aluminium nitride (AlN) is a technical ceramic material that features an extremely interesting combination of very high thermal conductivity and excellent electrical insulation properties.

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    Is Aluminium Nitride toxic?

    Exposure to aluminium nitride (AlN) through mouth, inhalation, or injection may cause bone and lung toxicity. Repeated exposure can irritate the eyes and skin.

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What's the difference between Shapal vs Aluminium Nitride?

    Pure Aluminium Nitride is often the material of choice for high thermal conductivity applications, however, because it is such a hard material it is often costly to produce in small quantities or non-standard sizes. Shapal Hi M Soft is a machinable Aluminium Nitride/Boron Nitride composite material that can be machined into incredibly tight tolerances and complicated shapes while still providing excellent thermal conductivity.

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