Shapal Hi-M Soft Aluminum Nitride Ceramic

Shapal Hi-M Soft™ is a hybrid type of machinable Aluminum Nitride ceramic that offers high mechanical strength and thermal conductivity. By combining Aluminum Nitride with Boron Nitride, Tokuyama has created a ceramic that is easily machined into complex shapes while still keeping many of the advantages of traditional Aluminum Nitride. It features excellent machinability, high thermal conductivity and excellent mechanical strength which makes it suitable for a broad range applications.

Precision Ceramics is a Tokuyama authorized distributor of Shapal Hi-M soft and has more experience with this material than any other company in the world.

Image Gallery

Shapal Hi-M Soft Properties

Mechanical Properties

Unit
Density
g/cm3
Youngs Modulus
GPa
Poissons Ratio
Compressive Strength
MPa
Bending Strength @ -100C
MPa
Bending Strength @ 25°C
MPa
Bending Strength @ 500°C
MPa
Bending Strength @ 1000°C
MPa
Vickers Hardness (Hv) 25°C
300g
Value
Density
2.88
Youngs Modulus
176
Poissons Ratio
0.31
Compressive Strength
980
Bending Strength @ -100C
340
Bending Strength @ 25°C
300
Bending Strength @ 500°C
325
Bending Strength @ 1000°C
350
Vickers Hardness (Hv) 25°C
380

Thermal Properties

Unit
Maximum Oxidizing Temperature
°C
Maximum Inert Temperature
°C
Thermal Conductivity @ -100°C
W/mK
Thermal Conductivity @ 25°C
W/mK
Thermal Conductivity @ 500°C
W/mK
Thermal Conductivity @ 1000°C
W/mK
Thermal Shock Resistance ΔT
°C
* CTE 25°C ➞ 400°C
10^-6/°C
* CTE 25°C ➞ 600°C
10^-6/°C
* CTE 25°C ➞ 800°C
10^-6/°C
Value
Maximum Oxidizing Temperature
1000
Maximum Inert Temperature
1900
Thermal Conductivity @ -100°C
100
Thermal Conductivity @ 25°C
92
Thermal Conductivity @ 500°C
55
Thermal Conductivity @ 1000°C
35
Thermal Shock Resistance ΔT
400
* CTE 25°C ➞ 400°C
4.8
* CTE 25°C ➞ 600°C
4.9
* CTE 25°C ➞ 800°C
5

* Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) describes how the size of an object changes with a change in temperature.

Electrical Properties

Unit
Resistivity @ 20°C
Ω cm
Dielectric Constant (ε) @ 25°C
1 MHz
Dissipation Loss (tan δ) @ 25°C
1 MHz
Dielectric Strength @ 25°C
kV/mm
DC Volume Resistivity @ 25°C
Ω cm
DC Volume Resistivity @ 500°C
Ω cm
DC Volume Resistivity @ 1000°C
Ω cm
Value
Resistivity @ 20°C
Dielectric Constant (ε) @ 25°C
6.8
Dissipation Loss (tan δ) @ 25°C
0.001
Dielectric Strength @ 25°C
65
DC Volume Resistivity @ 25°C
1 x 10^15
DC Volume Resistivity @ 500°C
3.2 x 10^10
DC Volume Resistivity @ 1000°C
4.6 x 10^5

Related Materials

Ceramic Material - Macor (Machinable Glass Ceramic)

Macor

Macor is a hybrid glass-ceramic with the versatility of a high performance polymer, the machinability of a metal, and the performance of an advanced technical ceramic.

Ceramic Material - CeramAlum (Aluminum Nitride)

Aluminum Nitride

Aluminum Nitride (AlN) is an excellent material to use if high thermal conductivity and electrical insulation properties are required -- an ideal material for use in thermal management and electrical applications.

Shapal Machining

Shapal Hi-M Soft is a hot-pressed material available in a variety of billet sizes; the largest being approximately 12″ x 12″ x 3.25″ (305mm x 305mm x 84mm). Once in slab form it is cut into smaller blocks and machined into into bars, tubes, disks or other custom designs with very tight tolerances.

Precision Ceramics is a Tokuyama authorized distributor of Shapal Hi-M soft and has more experience with this material than any other company in the world. We can supply Shapal in blocks, bars, rods, plates, etc. or custom machined parts from our facility that has been optimized for high tolerance ceramic production.

Precision Ceramics is your Shapal machining specialist for your technical ceramic prototyping & manufacturing needs. We are always happy to provide help and advice on materials, design, and application. If you are looking for a supplier of Shapal Hi-M Soft Machinable Aluminum Nitride components, or would just like to buy Shapal plates, rods, bars, or tubes, please contact us and one of our experts will be happy to assist you.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What's the difference between Macor vs Shapal?

    Shapal Hi-M Soft and Macor glass ceramic are often compared because they both are machinable ceramics, however, both of these materials have significantly different mechanical and thermal properties. The following are som factors to consider when choosing between Macor and Shapal.

    Thermal Conductivity

    Shapal Hi-M is a thermal conductor at 90 W/(m K), Macor is a thermal insulator with a thermal conductivity of 1.46 W/(m K)

    Thermal Cycle

    Shapal is not prone to suffering from thermal shock failures while Macor is vulnerable to thermal shock – if the parts have rapid heat up and cool down cycles then Shapal is a better option.

    Maximum Temperature

    Shapal has a much higher maximum use temperature of 1900C (in an inert atmosphere) and 1000C (in air).

    Strength

    Shapal offers better bending strength (300 vs 94 MPa) as well as better compressive strength ( 1200 vs 345 MPa) when compared with Macor.

    Cost

    Macor is a cheaper material that Shapal Hi-M Soft, if it can be used instead of Shapal the user will typically see significant cost reductions.

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What are the advantages of Shapal?

    Shapal Hi-M Soft™ is a hybrid type of machinable Aluminum Nitride ceramic that offers high mechanical strength and thermal conductivity. By combining Aluminum Nitride with Boron Nitride, Tokuyama has created a ceramic that is easily machined into complex shapes while still keeping many of the advantages of traditional Aluminum Nitride. It features excellent machinability, high thermal conductivity and excellent mechanical strength which makes it suitable for a broad range applications. Some other benefits of Shapal include:

    • Can be machined by a broad range of methods such as drilling, turning, milling to form complex shapes with high precision
    • Excellent sealing ability to vacuum
    • Approximately five times as much thermal conductivity as that of alumina (Aluminium Oxide)
    • High mechanical strength & bending strength of 30kg/mm² is comparable to that of Alumina
    • Excellent electric insulation
    • Low thermal expansion
    • Low dielectric loss
  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What can Shapal be used for?

    Shapal Hi-M Soft™ is a hybrid type of machinable Aluminum Nitride ceramic that offers high mechanical strength and thermal conductivity. It features excellent machinability, high thermal conductivity and excellent mechanical strength which makes it suitable for a broad range applications, such as the following:

    • Electronic components where electrical insulation and heat dissipation are required
    • Components where low dielectric constant and dissipation factor are required
    • Fixture parts where a low coefficient of thermal expansion is required
    • Vacuum components
    • Components where a low coefficient of thermal expansion required
    • Heat sinks
    • Crucibles for vacuum deposition
    • Special refractory parts such as protective tubes
  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What's the difference between Shapal vs Aluminum Nitride?

    Pure Aluminum Nitride is often the material of choice for high thermal conductivity applications, however, because it is such a hard material it is often costly to produce in small quantities or non-standard sizes. Shapal Hi-M soft is a machinable Aluminum Nitride/Boron Nitride composite material that can be machined into incredibly tight tolerances and complicated shapes while still providing excellent thermal conductivity.

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What is the maximum size of Shapal I can purchase?

    We have recently been able to increase the maximum size availability of Shapal to 300mm x 300mm x 64mm. We carry many standard sizes of Shapal in stock and can supply fully machined components or non-standard sizes on request.

  • image/svg+xmlimage/svg+xml
    What is the maximum working temperature of Shapal Hi-M Soft?

    Shapal can be used at temperatures up to 1,900°C in an inert atmosphere and up to 1,000°C in an oxidizing atmosphere. Click Here for further information.